Most manufacturers advertise impressive speeds of up to 1.3Gbps (Gigabits per second) for their latest WiFi gear. That’s pretty quick.
However, WiFi is a half-duplex technology that relies on substantial protocol overhead to transmit and receive. 1,300Mbps is actually only roughly 650Mbps in the equivalent wired domain, the domain that we are used to comparing speed and throughput. Also, that target of 1300Mbps will not have a sustained throughput rate like a wired connection, it will be decidedly ‘spotty’.
That said, to get 1.3Gbps [half-duplex] throughput on your WiFi, start with a high performance enterprise-grade wireless Access Point (AP) and a modern high performance laptop i.e. minimum of 3x antennas built-in.
Next, we need to remove everybody else’s devices. Turn off EVERY other WiFi capable device within 100 metres. This includes all devices outside of your control. Neighbouring WiFi modems and wireless Access Points, all other laptops, tablets, smartphones, SmartTVs, Chromecast, Apple iSomething, microwave ovens, IoT emitters, baby monitors and so forth. Nothing else should be left on.
By now, we must be in a cave somewhere.
Next: tune the specific enterprise-grade features on the AP for high-performance. Left at default parameters out of the box, key settings critical to high performance would not be enabled.
Then (very important): place laptop within 3 metres (10 feet) of the AP.
Alternatively: go to a specialised wireless testing facility where just you and your laptop sit in a special little room that repels all wireless interference (roughly akin to a recording studio with soundproof walls).
Either way, this is the only way that we will come even close to the advertised speed.
Back to the real world. Undoubtedly, from time to time your laptop may be in an insanely good position relative to the AP and environment and advise that your connected data rate is indeed 1300Mbps. In the wired world, this would actually be what you are getting. In the wireless world, this is not what you get. You get (substantially) less.
Consider the wireless data rate to be similar to the maximum speed on a car’s speedometer. Your actual speed, will be limited by the traffic and environment around you. Just like wireless.